This lesson plan is a prime example of my efforts to practice various instructional strategies in order to promote critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills of students. I included a script for what I said and taught, photos that I showed on the PowerPoint, and an assessment that was given. Practicing various instructional strategies in order to reach a variety of learners led to a successful class.
UNIT TITLE: Metamorphosis GRADE LEVEL: 3-4
LESSON: Candy Chang/Graphic Design
Part II of Chang/Urban planning
Dale Chihuly/ Sketches & paintings
Edina Tokodi/ Moss graffiti
Part II of Chihuly/ Single artist v. team
Edina Tokodi/ Moss graffiti
Today we are concerning ourselves with the controversies of Chihuly’s glass sculptures because he creates them with a team of artists, not by himself.
________ Art History Objective: Students will correctly identify that Dale Chihuly has a team of glassblowers that helps him create his glass sculptures.
________ Art Criticism Objective: Students will correctly identify that Dale Chihuly uses bold colors and organic shapes to create his sketches. (Previous Lesson)
________ Aesthetics Objective: Students will decide and fill out a worksheet about who deserves credit for the Chihuly glass sculptures: Chihuly himself or his team.
________ Art Studio objective: Students will abstract a natural object by sketching it using frit on a glass plate.
Glass blowing: a way to create 3-D shapes out of glass by melting the glass into a very hot liquid and
using a long pipe to blow air into it.
Organic shape: shapes that are typically irregular or asymmetrical and generally have a lot of curves.
They can often be found in nature.
Special Preparation: Cut glass and sand down edges
Materials/Supplies: 6x6 Sulfite paper
6x6 Glass plates
Equipment/Tools: Paint brushes
Distribution Method: They will already be laid out on the tables when the students get into the room.
Method of Review: Last week we learned about the artist Edina Tokodi.
-Where does she live? (Brooklyn/NYC)
-What sort of art does she create? (graffiti)
-What does she use to create her graffiti? (moss)
-Does this use actual texture or implied texture? (actual)
-Why does she use moss to create animals? (Because she wants people in NYC to touch them
and remember the animals/nature outside of their busy, urban city.)
We aren’t done learning about Edina Tokodi just yet, but we’ll learn more about her in a few weeks!
Method of Introducing new topic: Today we’re going to go back to the glass artist that we learned about a few weeks ago. Does anyone remember his name? Dale Chihuly! A few weeks ago we focused on how he abstracts natural objects through his paintings. Today, we’re going to be studying more of his career as a glass blower and how he works with a team to create his sculptures.
(Video of Chihuly and glass blowing team)
Activity 1: AC AP AH Aesth (Circle one)
(show images of sculptures) Dale Chihuly used to be able to create his glass sculptures on his own. This is how he developed many of his unique and special techniques that he teaches to others. However, while traveling in Europe in the 70s, he was in a very bad car accident that caused him to be permanently blind in his left eye.
(show pics of Chihuly w/ patch) Because of this, he now has no depth perception. Depth perception is important to glass blowing because it is what allows you to see in 3-D. Because of his lack of depth perception, Dale Chihuly is unable to blow glass anymore.
(show paintings)This is why he creates his 2-D paintings of what he pictures in his head.
(show him with artists) He uses these paintings he creates to show to his team of artists to help him turn them into sculptures. He has his own company called Chihuly Inc. that consists of 91 artists. Some of these people Dale Chihuly has taught and worked with for a long time, while some of them are just starting their glassblowing careers and want to learn his unique techniques and skills. Many of them work with Chihuly to create his sculptures, but they also create their own glass pieces. This has caused some controversy.
(showing images of Chihuly and team working on glass) Dale Chihuly creates his paintings on his own, then gives them to his team of glassblowers to turn into glass. During this process, Chihuly stands by and watches his team and instructs them on what to do. He will tell them if they need to take the sculpture further or if they need to stop because it is finished. However, he never actually does any of the glassblowing himself. Q: Who is blowing the glass? Q: Who is directing?
This has caused many people to wonder who the sculptures really belong to: Chihuly or his team? Some think the credit for the glass sculptures goes solely to Chihuly. He comes up with the first ideas and color schemes and shapes, and the only thing his team does is listen to instructions. However, others think that the team deserves the credit for the sculptures because they are the ones that actually blow the glass and add the color and, even though they are supposed to be listening to Chihuly’s instructions, could be adding their own styles and ideas to the pieces. Q: What do you think? Chihuly or his team?
Another controversy arose in 2006 when Dale Chihuly sued two of the artists that were apart of Chihuly Inc. One of them was his long-time friend and collaborator Bryan Rubino who worked for Chihuly for 14 years. (show image of Rubino)
Q: Can multiple artists can be inspired by the same thing? Or is it copying? Well, Chihuly said that Rubino and the other artist copied the way his pieces were lopsided and his ocean-inspired subject matter. However, Rubino argued that “just because he was inspired by the sea does not mean that no one else can use the sea to make glass art.”
5. Chihuly taking artists to court is rather rare, but people have said that he is protective of his styles and his subject matter. Chihuly often tries to copyright (protect) the shapes, techniques, and colors that he uses that critics say have been used for hundreds of years by other glassblowers. Q: Do you think that it is fair to claim a certain style of art as your own so that nobody else can use it?
6. So, now I want to know what each of you thinks about who the credit goes to for the glass sculptures. I have a little worksheet I want you guys to fill out. When everyone is done, we can share our opinions! Remember, there is no right or wrong to this question. Everyone can form his or her own opinion!
Transition statement: Now that we have formed our own opinions on who deserves credit for the glass sculptures, we’re going to work with drawing on glass!
Activity ??? (use this format for the Production Activity)
Distribution of tools/supplies.
X Teacher will do it
They will already be set out on the table
Criteria for this project is: create an abstract drawing of a natural object
use the sketch under the glass to create an abstract sketch with frit
Safety concern: Getting frit in their eyes
If students have to wait or get done early, what is the alternate activity? (you must have one)
-Abstract sketches/anything from activity table
Methods of making the project: (listed at numbered steps in a clear, sequential order):
Clean-up of tools/supplies will be done by:
X Each student
X Teacher will do it
X They will be left out on the table.
Reverse review w/ questions about Dale Chihuly, abstraction, and the frit project
-What does Dale Chihuly create? Glass sculptures and paintings
-The type of paintings/sculptures he makes are abstract. What does this mean? That they are based off of natural objects, but it is difficult (maybe not possible at all) to decipher what they are.
-Does Chihuly create his paintings by himself? Yes
-Does Dale Chihuly make his sculptures by himself? Nope.
-Who helps him? His team, Chihuly Inc.
Now, do you guys want to quiz me to see what I know??
Learning/Reading Center Materials:
Books on Dale Chihuly
Books on glass blowing
Dale Chihuly coloring pages
Pictures of Dale Chihuly
Fun facts page about Chihuly
Chihuly, Dale. (2000). Chihuly In the Light of Jerusalem 2000. Portland Press.
Chihuly Studio. (2011). Dale Chihuly. Retrieved from: http://www.chihuly.com/ 2010 – 2011.
Egan, Timothy. (2006). Glass Artists Face Off in Court. Retrieved from:
Krauker, J. (1992). Dale Chihuly has turned glass into a red hot item. Smithsonian. Vol 2.
Issue 11. p 90, 11p.
Kuspit, Donald B. (1998). Chihuly: Second Edition, Revised and Expanded. Seattle : Portland Press.
IUPUI. (2011). DNA Tower. Retrieved from: http://www.iupui.edu/spirit/campus/chihuly.html. 2002-
Dale Chihuly, American. The Sun. 2008. Glass. 14’ diameter. San Francisco, California.
Dale Chihuly, American. Macchia Forest (details). 2004. Glass. Unknown dimension. Atlanta, Georgia.
Dale Chihuly, American. Macchia Drawing. 1993. 42” x 30” (left).
Dale Chihuly, American. Macchia Drawing. 1992. 30” x 22” (right).
Dale Chihuly, American. Parterre Fountain Installation. 2004. Glass. 5’ x 8’. Atlanta, Georgia.
Dale Chihuly, American. Trumpets. 2004. Glass. Atlanta, Georgia.
Who deserves credit?
Who deserves credit for the glass sculptures? (Circle answer)
Dale Chihuly or The team
Why do you think that? (Write 2 to 3 sentences explaining your answer)